Introductory writing

I have written on a very wide range of topics in philosophy for school teachers, students and the general public.

My writings that continue to be of direct relevance to the current AQA A level philosophy exam are hosted on a Routledge companion website to my A level textbooks. They include discussions of many topics in epistemology, ethics, philosophy of religion and philosophy of mind.

All my other writings are hosted here.


  1. Ethics
  2. Philosophy of Religion
  3. Political Philosophy
  4. Art
  5. Epistemology
  6. Metaphysics (incl. Free Will, Personhood)
  7. Philosophy of Mind
  8. Philosophy for Children (P4C)


  1. Plato’s Republic
  2. Descartes’ Meditations
  3. J S Mill’s On Liberty
  4. Hume’s Enquiry concerning Human Understanding
  5. Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil
  6. Sartre’s  Existentialism and Humanism